Salem, VA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salem, Virginia - Basic Facts

The City of Salem had a population of 25,848 as of July 1, 2017. Salem ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Virginia. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Salem is located at latitude 37.2853 and longitude -80.0552 in Salem (city) County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 14.44 sq. miles and a water area of 0.1 sq. miles. Salem (city) County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,066 feet.

The City of Salem (GNIS ID: 1789074) has a C7 Census Class Code which indicates an incorporated place that is independent of any county. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Salem: Fauquier.

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City of Salem, VA Boundary Map

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Salem, VA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 25,848
Daytime Population: Workers 23,492
Daytime Population: Residents 13,213
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 36,705
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.42
Population in Households 23,907
Population in Familes 18,505
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,941
Population Density2 1,790
Diversity Index3 32


Median Household Income $51,008
Average Household Income $70,448
Per Capita Income $30,572


Total Housing Units 11,116 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 6,525 (58.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 3,820 (34.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 770 ( 6.9%)
Median Home Value $174,636
Average Home Value $216,245


Total Households 10,346
Average Household Size 2.31
Family Households 6,416
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.57% 0.36%
Households 0.41% 0.34%
Families 0.23% 0.22%
Median Household Income   0.68%
Per Capita Income   2.08%

Salem, VA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 593 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Virginia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 42 93rd
Population Density # 149 75th
Diversity Index # 388 35th
Median Household Income # 293 51st
Per Capita Income # 197 67th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Virginia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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