Roanoke, VA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Roanoke, Virginia - Basic Facts

The City of Roanoke is the 9th largest city in Virginia with a population of 100,823 as of July 1, 2017. Roanoke ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Virginia. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Roanoke is located at latitude 37.2785 and longitude -79.9582 in Roanoke (city) County. The formal boundaries for the City of Roanoke (see map below) encompass a land area of 42.53 sq. miles and a water area of 0.34 sq. miles. Roanoke (city) County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 935 feet.

The City of Roanoke (GNIS ID: 1498439) has a C7 Census Class Code which indicates an incorporated place that is independent of any county. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Roanoke population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Roanoke: Big Lick, Old Lick, Rawrenock, Rhoanoke, Star City, Star City of the SouMagic City, The own.

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City of Roanoke, VA Boundary Map

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Roanoke, VA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 100,823
Daytime Population: Workers 74,224
Daytime Population: Residents 54,516
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 128,740
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.28
Population in Households 98,686
Population in Familes 70,525
Population in Group Qrtrs 2,137
Population Density2 2,371
Diversity Index3 59


Median Household Income $37,464
Average Household Income $51,885
Per Capita Income $23,036


Total Housing Units 48,710 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 22,561 (46.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 21,247 (43.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,903 (10.1%)
Median Home Value $135,383
Average Home Value $175,891


Total Households 43,807
Average Household Size 2.25
Family Households 23,717
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.54% 0.55%
Households 0.36% 0.46%
Families 0.15% 0.31%
Median Household Income   0.21%
Per Capita Income   1.82%

Roanoke, VA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Roanoke to the other 593 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Virginia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 9 99th
Population Density # 119 80th
Diversity Index # 149 75th
Median Household Income # 482 19th
Per Capita Income # 394 34th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Virginia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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