Cumberland County VA Information


Cumberland County Subdivisions

Cumberland County VA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 9,629 (100%)
Population in Households 9,596 (99.7%)
Population in Families 7,827 (81.3%)
Population in Group Quarters1 33 ( 0.3%)
Population Density 32
Diversity Index2 54


Median Household Income $50,724
Average Household Income $73,234
% of Income for Mortgage4 23%
Per Capita Income $30,847
Wealth Index5 59
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (51.6)


Total HU (Housing Units) 4,673 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,053 (65.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,002 (21.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 618 (13.2%)
Median Home Value $192,156
Average Home Value $316,115
Housing Affordability Index3 110


Total Households 4,055
Average Household Size 2.37
Family Households 2,687
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population -0.15% -0.10%
Households 0.11% 0.15%
Families   -0.02%
Median Household Income   1.72%
Per Capita Income   2.66%
Owner Occupied HU   0.40%


Cumberland County VA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Cumberland County to the other 133 counties / independent cities and county equivalents in Virginia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 116 14th
Population Density # 119 11th
Median Household Income # 96 29th
Housing Affordability Index # 75 56th
Per Capita Income # 91 32nd
Diversity Index # 57 58th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Virginia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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